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Why is there some small difference in delta of options before and after dividend adjustment?

Fang submitted 2020-01-01 22:34:31

Why is there some small difference in delta of options before and after dividend adjustment?

Today is the ex-dividend day of 50ETF, and the number of 50ETF options contracts has increased significantly today. Due to the dividend in the original contract, the exercise price and the number of 50ETF shares corresponding to the contract have changed to some extent, and the contract names have been suffixed with "A". At the same time, the standard contracts are newly listed in accordance with the principle of "equal value + four levels up and down".

The formula for calculating the exercise price and the corresponding number of the old option contract has been explained in detail in many famous writers at weekend, such as the option studio of Yu Li’s teacher, the little horse’s vernacular option, and so on. Several key formulas and points for attention are not repeated. Those who are interested can take a look at the recent public articles of the two teachers. From the perspective of transaction practicality, due to the nonstandard exercise price and the number of corresponding targets, the liquidity of the old contracts will gradually weaken in the subsequent transactions compared with the newly listed standard contracts, and those with conditions should wait for the opportunity to gradually change positions to the new contracts. If the turnover rate is a strategy with low turnover, the necessity is not necessarily high (After all, handling fees and sliding points must be paid for every move).In addition, it is worth focusing on and summarizing that there will be small differences in delta of option contracts before and after dividend adjustment. Although it seems that most investors don’t feel or have little impact, they should understand it out of reason. See the following example for specific differences.

In the table, I take part of the contracts in December for comparison before and after dividend, and see the specific parameters in the header position (the price of the underlying of the right of resumption is only for the dividend this time, and other parameters remain unchanged by default). There are several key points in the data: A. all option contracts have small differences in delta before and after dividend, and the percentage of the difference in delta before and after dividend is basically within 1%; B. most call options have absolute delta value after dividend is larger than before dividend, most put options are opposite. It looks like a small deviation, but what if you had 1000 sold 3.1 call last Friday? Why there is delta deviation between dividend and non-dividend? From the BS formula, we can understand that from another point of view, we can observe the last two columns of data in the table: the delta change of dividend or non-dividend of call option is negatively correlated with the percentage change of exercise price / spot price, and the put option is positively correlated. The simple understanding is that the dividend ex right causes the new exercise price based on the price of new and old subject matter to be lower than the non-dividend exercise price, and the subscription is more expensive and the put is cheaper, on the contrary, the subscription is cheaper and the put is more expensive.

Back to the market, the official manufacturing PMI stood on 50 for the first time in a few months over the weekend to add a touch of light to the short-term gloomy economic data. A shares rose with the trend. In the afternoon, they were affected by the weakness of Ping An and other core white horse stocks, which dropped a lot. The SSE50 index’s growth narrowed to 0.16%.The implied volatility of ETF options is stable in the current month, and 12.5% of flat options close in December, including 12.5% of call options and 12.5% of put options. The options market still doesn’t show excessive concern about the decline. In short-term trading execution, under the background of obvious negative trend and negative trend of today’s hidden wave and trend, continue to stick to the principle of selling by buying. If you don’t understand, you can wait for a while, those who have a sense of direction in low wave, please feel free to buy the direction of virtual value gambling, and prepare for investment or loss. Well, I hope the next trading day goes well!

------------------------------------------------------The following is the time-sharing chart of the subject matter and the data part of option volatility trading (it’s boring, can be skipped if no interest):

50ETF time chart

50ETF options IV trend chart of current month’s ATM


The implied volatility of 50ETF’s flat option in the current month (December) was 12.50% (the volatility of 0.5 delta in November on the previous trading day was 12.69%, and the volatility of ATM directly obtained in the post market article); the historical volatility of 50ETF 17 (the remaining trading day of options in December) was 11.41%, and the difference between the implied and actual volatility was about 1%.In terms of skew of volatility curve, C-skew fell in December compared with yesterday (the volatility of virtual call was lower than that of average call), closing in positive area; P-skew fell in December compared with yesterday (the volatility of virtual put was lower than that of average put), closing in positive area; the overall volatility curve in December was up, the volatility of shallow virtual call was down, and the volatility of shallow virtual put was relative in day. In December, the lowest volatility gear of call / put curve was 3.0, and the implied volatility of the three virtual value gears with the same level up and down showed a neutral smile pattern of virtual sell end and virtual subscription equal up and up. In December, the price difference of call put volatility was lower than that of yesterday, and the volatility of daily call put volatility was higher than that of last trading day. The composite premium of call put volatility in that month was about 0.0045 yuan / share. The model free skew index is 100.87 (last day’s index is revised to 100.83), basically neutral; in December, the model free skew index is 101.7, close to neutral, and the actual average value is equal to three levels, which belongs to neutral pattern.

Data Description: a. the average value hidden wave is taken daily according to the average value (call hidden wave + put hidden wave) / 2; B. the modeless skew is calculated according to the formula of CBOE, and the actual application is often distorted due to the problem of 50ETF gear, so it needs to be combined with C-skew and P-skew (delta absolute value is 0.25 gear hidden wave - average hidden wave). The former means that the virtual purchase part is slightly more expensive than the normal purchase part, and the latter means that the virtual sell part C. the adjustment of C-P hidden wave, i.e. the adjustment of call hidden wave put hidden wave, means that call is relatively more expensive (generally corresponding to the synthetic rising water), and vice versa.

Call / put IV curve and premium / discount curve of 50ETF options

50ETF options main skew curve

50ETF option December option T-type quotation




50ETF期权跨月Call/Put IV曲线及升贴水曲线图



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